Map of Pangea Reveals Neighboring Countries 300 Million Years Ago

Ever wondered what the Earth looked like 300 million years ago? Let us explore the ancient Earth with a single ocean named Panthalassa, surrounding a single massive supercontinent named Pangea.

The Earth was created 3.5 billion years ago. Throughout that time period, several supercontinents existed on Earth, and Pangea is just one of them. The location and formation of continents vary due to the movement of tectonic plates on the Earth’s mantle. They slide on Earth’s mantle, breaking up and reforming Earth’s landmasses in different combinations.

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This is the reason for a chunk of Canada to be connected to Australia, which is the latest discovery done by geologists. The reason behind the discovery of fossils of Lystrosaurus in very distant locations like Antarctica, South Africa, and India is also this movement of tectonic plates. The perception of these extremely slow movements of continents is impossible, but it’s a continuous occurrence. According to geologist Ross Mitchell, these tectonic plates move at a rate similar to the growth of fingernails.

Massimo Pietrobon's map
Source –  Massimo Pietrobon.

300 million years ago, humans were absolutely non-existent. However, if we connect and compare the earlier and current locations of the modern continents, we would find ourselves with some very unexpected neighbors.

Massimo Pietrobon, an amateur cartographer, designed a conceptual map called ‘Pangea Politico’. It showcases how the modern countries would’ve been arranged on the Earth if Pangea didn’t separate. Since Pietrobon is more focused on politics than geological accuracy, the scales on the map aren’t perfect. However, it’s enough to learn the approximate locations of the present countries on ancient Earth.

In Pietrobon’s map, the United States and Russia are cozy neighbors, Cuba is landlocked, Santa lives in South Korea, and India and Antarctica share the same climate. He further explained:

Massimo Pietrobon

‘Pangea Politico’ carries a timely and extremely humanitarian statement about the borders and political issues within the countries on Earth. Emphasizing the importance of maintaining unity and harmony between everyone, Pietrobon wrote: “Gathering the world in one piece of land represents a return to the unity of the planet, to the unity of the human race, despite the divisions that are so convenient for our rulers!”

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Now that we’ve learned enough of the past, let’s take a look into the future. What will happen to the Earth and the human race 250 million years from now? The world constantly on the run of reshaping itself, thanks to the movements of the tectonic plates.

Africa is currently in the process of colliding with Southern Europe, while Australia is anticipating a collision with Southeast Asia. Regardless of experts’ disagreements on how the exact proportions of the future Earth will be, be it AmasiaPangea Proxima, or Novopangaea, it is obvious that the Earth will create another supercontinent with unpredictable proportions. If by any chance this future Earth is human-free, let’s hope it’s due to natural circumstances and technological advances, and not due to mankind’s destructive and harmful behavior towards the Earth.

Amasia formation
Amasia forming over the North Pole. Source: Yale University, Nature

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